@Article{Caro:2017, author = {G. Caro, P. Morino, S.J. Mojzsis, N.L. Cates and W. Bleeker}, title = {Sluggish Hadean geodynamics: Evidence from coupled $^{146,147}$Sm-$^{142,143}$Nd systematics in Eoarchean supracrustal rocks of the Inukjuak domain (Qu$\'{e}$bec)}, journal = {Earth Planet. Sci. Lett.}, booktitle = {}, editor = {}, publisher = {}, month = {}, year = {2017}, volume = {457}, number = {}, pages = {23--27}, note = {}, annote = {}, keywords = {$^{146}$Sm-$^{142}$Nd; Hadean; magma ocean; sluggish tectonics; Ukaliq; Nuvvuagittuq}, url = {http://sims.ess.ucla.edu/PDF/Caro_et_al_2017.pdf}, doi = {10.1016/j.epsl.2016.09.051}, isbn = {}, abstract = {The discovery of deficits in $^{142}$Nd/$^{144}$Nd in mafic rocks of the Nuvvuagittuq supracrustal belt (NSB) has triggered a debate about the possible preservation of Hadean (pre-3.85 Ga) crustal remnants in the little-known but areally extensive Innuksuac complex (3.6-3.8 Ga, Inukjuak domain, Northeast Superior Province, Canada). Geochronological investigations in the NSB, however, are hampered by the poor preservation and highly disturbed isotopic record of various mafic (amphibolite) lithologies that host the $^{142}$Nd anomalies. Here we present $^{146}$Sm-$^{142}$Nd and $^{147}$Sm-$^{143}$Nd data for rocks of extrusive magmatic and sedimentary protoliths from the Ukaliq supracrustal belt, a newly discovered volcano-sedimentary enclave enclosed in granitoid gneisses of the Inukjuak domain. Our study also includes the first $^{146}$Sm-$^{142}$Nd data for quartz-magnetite rocks (banded iron-formation; BIF) of the NSB and the Eoarchean Isua supracrustal belt (ISB) in southern West Greenland. We show that Ukaliq amphibolites carry variably negative $^{142}$Nd anomalies, ranging from 0 to -10 ppm, which are positively correlated with their Sm/Nd ratio. If considered as an isochron relationship, the $^{146}$Sm-$^{142}$Nd array yields an apparent Hadean emplacement age of 4215$_{-76}$$^{+50}$ Ma. The negative $^{142}$Nd anomalies, however, appear to be mainly restricted to amphibolites with boninitic affinities, likely reflecting inheritance from an enriched mantle source. In contrast, tholeiitic and ultramafic lavas have normal $\mu$$^{142}$Nd regardless of their Sm/Nd ratio. Furthermore, BIF from Ukaliq and Nuvvuagittuq lack the negative $^{142}$Nd anomalies that should have been produced by in situ decay of $^{146}$Sm had these sediments been deposited prior to ca. 4.1 Ga. Instead, they exhibit $\mu$$^{142}$Nd identical to that measured in Isua BIF. Collectively, our results suggest that the $^{146}$Sm-$^{142}$Nd array characterizing mafic lithologies of Ukaliq and Nuvvuagittuq is an inherited signature with doubtful chronological significance. We interpret the volcanic protoliths of the Innuksuac complex to have been produced by metasomatically triggered melting of a variably enriched Eoarchean mantle, following addition of felsic melts and/or fluids derived from a foundering Hadean mafic crust. Application of coupled $^{146,147}$Sm-$^{142,143}$Nd chronometry to Ukaliq lavas yields a model age of differentiation of 4.36$_{-0.06}$$^{+0.05}$ Ga for this Hadean precursor. This is similar to late-stage crystallization ages inferred for the lunar and terrestrial magma oceans. The long-term preservation of Earth's primordial crust points to subdued lithospheric recycling in the post-magma ocean Earth.}, }