Publication Details

Field Value
Title: Late Miocene movement within the Himalayan Main Central Thrust shear zone, Sikkim, north‐east India
Authors: E.J. Catlos, C.S. Dubey, T.M. Harrison, and M.A. Edwards
Publication: Jour. Metamorph. Geol., v. 22, p. 207‐226.
Publish Date: 2004
DOI: 10.1111/j.1525-1314.2004.00509.x
PDF: pdf
BibTEX Citation: Catlos:2004.bib


In the Sikkim region of north‐east India, the Main Central Thrust (MCT) juxtaposes high‐grade gneisses of the Greater Himalayan Crystallines over lower‐grade slates, phyllites and schists of the Lesser Himalaya Formation. Inverted metamorphism characterizes rocks that immediately underlie the thrust, and the large‐scale South Tibet Detachment System (STDS) bounds the northern side of the Greater Himalayan Crystallines. In situ Th‐Pb monazite ages indicate that the MCT shear zone in the Sikkim region was active at c. 22, 14‐15 and 12‐10 Ma, whereas zircon and monazite ages from a slightly deformed horizon of a High Himalayan leucogranite within the STDS suggest normal slip activity at c. 17 and 14‐15 Ma. Although average monazite ages decrease towards structurally lower levels of the MCT shear zone, individual results do not follow a progressive younging pattern. Lesser Himalaya sample KBP1062A records monazite crystallization from 11.5 ± 0.2 to 12.2 ± 0.1 Ma and peak conditions of 610 ± 25 °C and 7.5 ± 0.5 kbar, whereas, in the MCT shear zone rock CHG14103, monazite crystallized from 13.8 ± 0.5 to 11.9 ± 0.3 Ma at lower grade conditions of 525 ± 25 °C and 6 ± 1 kbar. The P‐T‐t results indicate that the shear zone experienced a complicated slip history, and have implications for the understanding of mid‐crustal extrusion and the role of out‐of‐sequence thrusts in convergent plate tectonic settings.