|Title:||Five generations of monazite in Langtang gneisses: Implications for chronology of the Himalayan metamorphic core|
|Authors:||M.J. Kohn, M.P. Wieland, C.D. Parkinson, and B.N. Upreti|
|Publication:||Jour. Metamorph. Geol., v. 23, p. 399‐406.|
Monazite grains from Greater Himalayan Sequence gneisses, Langtang valley, Nepal, were chemically mapped and then dated in situ via Th‐Pb ion‐microprobe analysis. Correlation of ages and chemistry reveals at least five different generations of monazite, ranging from c. 9 to >300 Ma. Petrological models of monazite chemistry provide a link between these generations and the thermal evolution of these rocks, yielding an age for the melting of Greater Himalayan rocks within the Main Central Thrust sheet (c. 16 Ma), and for the timing of thrust sheet emplacement that are younger than commonly viewed. Chemical characterization of monazite is vital prior to chronological microanalysis, and many ages previously reported for monazite from the Greater Himalayan Sequence are interpretationally ambiguous.