|Title:||Fluids on differentiated asteroids: Evidence from phosphates in differentiated meteorites GRA 06128 and GRA 06129|
|Authors:||C. K. Shearer, P. V. Burger, J. J. Papike, Z. D. Sharp,, and K. D. McKeegan|
|Publication:||Meteor. & Planet. Sci., v. 46, p. 1345‐1362.|
Paired meteorites Graves Nunatak 06128 and 06129 (GRA) represent an ancient cumulate lithology (4565.9 Ma ± 0.3) containing high abundances of sodic plagioclase. Textures and stable isotope compositions of GRA indicate that superimposed on the igneous lithology is a complex history of subsolidus reequilibration and low–temperature alteration that may have extended over a period of 150 Myr. In GRA, apatite is halogen–rich with Cl between 4.5 and 5.5 wt% and F between 0.3 and 0.9 wt%. The Cl / (Cl+F+OH) ratio of the apatite is between 0.65 and 0.82. The Cl and F are negatively correlated and are heterogeneously distributed in the apatite. Merrillite is low in halogens with substantial Na in the 6–fold coordinated Na–site ( 2.5%) and Mg in the smaller octahedral site. The merrillite has a negative Eu anomaly, whereas the apatite has a positive Eu anomaly. The chlorine isotope composition of the bulk GRA leachate is +1.2& relative to standard mean ocean chloride (SMOC). Ion microprobe chlorine isotope analyses of the apatite range between )0.5 and +1.2&. Textural relationships between the merrillite and apatite, and the high–Cl content of the apatite, suggest that the merrillite is magmatic in origin, whereas the apatite is a product of the interaction between merrillite and a Cl–rich fluid. If the replacement of merrillite by apatite occurred at approximately 800 °C, the fluid composition is f(HCl) / f(H2O) = 0.0383 and a HCl molality of 2.13 and f(HCl) / f(HF) = 50–100. It is anticipated that the calculated f(HCl) / f(H2O) and a HCl molality are minimum values due to assumptions made on the OH component in apatite and basing the calculations on the apatite with the lowest XCl. The bulk d37Cl of GRA is a >2r outlier from chondritic meteorites and suggests that parent body processes resulted in fractionation of the Cl isotopes.