|Title:||Fluids along the North Anatolian Fault, Niksar Basin, north central Turkey: Insight from stable isotopic and geochemical analysis of calcite veins|
|Authors:||C.P. Sturrock, E.J. Catlos, N.R. Miller, A. Akygun, A. Fall, R. Gabtov, I.O. Yilmaz, T. Larson, and K. Black|
|Publication:||Jourl. Struct. Geol., v. 101, p. 58‐79.|
Six limestone assemblages along the North Anatolian Fault (NAF) Niksar pull‐apart basin in northern Turkey were analyzed for δ18OPDB and δ13CPDB using bulk isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). Matrixvein differences in δ18OPDB (2.1 to 6.3‰) and δ13CPDB(0.9 to 4.6‰) suggest a closed fluid system and rock buffering. Veins in one travertine and two limestone assemblages were further subjected to cathodoluminescence, trace element (Laser Ablation Inductively Coupled Plasma Mass Spectrometry) and δ18OPDB (Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry, SIMS) analyses. Fluid inclusions in one limestone sample yield Th of 83.8 ± 7.3 C (±1s, mean average). SIMS δ18OPDB values across veins show fine−scale variations interpreted as evolving thermal conditions during growth and limited rock buffering seen at a higher resolution than IRMS. Rare earth element data suggest calcite veins precipitated from seawater, whereas the travertine has a hydrothermal source. The δ18OSMOW−fluid for the mineralizing fluid that reproduces Th is +2‰, in range of Cretaceous brines, as opposed to negative δ18OSMOW−fluid from meteoric, groundwater, and geothermal sites in the region and highly positive δ18OSMOW−fluid expected for mantle‐derived fluids. Calcite veins at this location do not record evidence for deeply‐sourced metamorphic and magmatic fluids, an observation that differs from what is reported for the NAF elsewhere along strike.